Sometimes I come across patterns which indicate to “decrease” or “make one” but it’s not always clear how to do so – and there are a variety of ways. Each can result in a slightly different appearance so I wanted to create a reference page (and maybe add pics soon). It took a couple years of learning how to knit (and to knit various projects) before I realized some of these basic techniques are sporadic, yet specific to every pattern.

Increasing techniques:

  • yo: yarn over – bring the yarn to the front if you are knitting, before a knit stitch, to gain an extra stitch (this leaves a small hole)
  • m1: (make 1) pick up a stitch by grabbing the joining stitch from previous row that joins two stitches together, knit into the back of it
  • kfb: knit front to back – knit one but without removing the knitted stitch from the left needle, knit again into the back side of that same stitch – resulting in two new sts (rather than only one).
  • ssk: Slip the first stitch on the LH needle (as if to knit) to the RH needle without actually knitting it. Do the same with the next stitch. Insert the LH needle into the front loops of these stitches (left to right).

Decreasing techniques:

  • k2tog: knit two sts together as one
  • sl1k1po: slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over
  • Left Slanting Turkish Rib Stitch
    • Cast on even number
    • Row 1a – Knit
    • Row 1b (WS): p1, * yo (in purl), p1-pass this back to left needle and pull next stitch over, slipping off the p1 and passing to right needle the new stitch (purl reverse, PR)* (repeating to end)
    • Row 2 (RS): K1, *sl 1, k1, psso, yo; rep from * to last st, k1


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